While there are many origin stories for the game of chess, the earliest iteration of the game is attributed to India. Invented by a philosopher in the 6th century, Shaturanga, a predecessor to modern chess, was meant to capture the strategy and skill of the battlefield in a game.
Since the 1970s, the incarcerated population of the United States has more than quadrupled. Currently, nearly 2.24 million individuals reside in U.S. facilities comprising over 20 percent of the global prison population. Additionally, research has found high rates of recidivism among released prisoners which are as high as 75 percent within the first 5 years.
Worldwide, our population is aging. Advances in technology and medicine have lengthened the global average life expectancy to over 80 years according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Unfortunately, this increase in the length of life hasn’t necessarily been accompanied by an increase in the quality of life. Many elderly struggle with depression, isolation and mental deterioration.
Examining whether chess influences academic performance has been a popular area of research. Many researchers have looked at whether participation in chess programs promotes greater academic achievement in students.